Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil. Each cyme is about 2-4" scarlet. By admin. material. 1. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. Cornus drummondii Illinois, except the NE, where it is absent or uncommon (see Distribution The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. bark. Building the urban forest for 2050. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. rivers or streams, savannas, woodland borders, and fence rows. The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 2" across; they It is probably found in every county in Missouri. whitish green and densely short-pubescent (see photo). disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up Their 6 members have or want this plant for trade. Common names are from state and federal lists. Cornus drummondii, fruit 1 of 1 (Roughleaf dogwood) Minnesota retiree fights city to keep natural yard The Rare Seeds That Escaped Syria for an Arctic Vault New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner Chinese flower evolves to avoid humans Thought to be extinct plant rediscovered First true red spinach released Connecticut man grows giant pumpkin Why DO we call some fruits vegetables? Cymes of white Because of their It is also found around the Mississippi River. Some mammals also eat the drupes, (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape Cornus drummondii(Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods. A small flowering tree that deserves more use. Explore. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Each drupe is about ¼" across and globoid in shape; it This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Faunal Associations: General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Have tree and plant questions? First year twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. 1973). Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. This flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. Posted July 27, 2012. 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The lower surface of each leaf is Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … At least forty species of birds are known to feast upon the fruits. It has rough pubescent leaves and bright white Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Plants. When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. A large specimen has a trunk with grey Trees. on Dogwoods as a source of food (see Insect Table). A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from May to August, round white fruit, and red foliage in the fall. University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and cuckoo bees (Nomada spp. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial sun and moist to Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in Dogwood drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their Brilliant fall color rounds out this plant’s three-season interest. The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. Photo Location: Morton Arboretum In Lisle, Illinois on 2018-08-22. pistil with a single style. for a listing of these species). 1). The upper surface of each 0. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. At the base of each leaf, there is Roughleaf Dogwood has simple, broadleaves and whiteflowers. high caloric content, the drupes of Dogwoods are very attractive to the vegetative shoots. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Home leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. 1973). They appear in early-to-mid June. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. This The native Rough-Leaved Dogwood is occasional to locally common in most Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a cover for wildlife. Not found very often in … roughleaf dogwood. The hard, white berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets. Found along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi River. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ), Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Flat clusters of tiny white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies. Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) $ 40.00. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory During the late spring or early summer, parts of Cornus spp. It has a self-supportinggrowth form. honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. Description: The soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky Comments: Family: Cornaceae: Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) Synonym: Cornus asperifolia: One vendor has this plant for sale. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. Roughleaf dogwood. Illinois Big Tree Register Series The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including It is also found around the Mississippi River. Planting. ), From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. In Featured Trees. flower is about ¼" across; it has 4 lanceolate petals, 4 stamens, and a It is also found around the Mississippi River. NATIVE RANGE . Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and beetles. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Foliage and other Mey. The root system normally consists of a woody At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright of their leaves (more broad or more narrow), number of paired veins on This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller Summary 2. Middle-aged Roughleaf Dogwood. Flowers attract many pollinators and fruits attract birds. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. a slender petiole up to 1" long. 2006. Category: Shrubs . Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. (Dogwoods) are consumed by the Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. Rough-Leaved Dogwood produces cymes of flowers that are quite showy; and Andrenid bees. Mey. – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Upper surface is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch. Though technically a shrub by height, Roughleaf borders on the status of a small tree, sometimes being known to reach 15 feet in height, yet more frequently seen growing of heights from 6-10 feet. The following menu has 3 levels. Rough-Leaved View gallery. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. Roughleaf Dogwood. Range & Habitat: roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii. Cultivation: pubescent. for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which Sun … May be difficult to find in nurseries. This A woodland opening at Busey Woods in Urbana, Illinois. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. the outer margins of the leaf. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. Native Plants .. Lawn And Garden. slightly dry conditions. Data Source. woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with Our trees. Rough-Leaved Dogwood occurs primarily in the Midwest and the Use enter to activate. mesic woodlands, openings in floodplain woodlands, wooded areas along areas of Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Saved from uswildflowers.com. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. Plant SMART Frisco. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Our communities. they appear after the leaves have developed. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. Cornus drummondii C.A. … Other Cornus spp. contains a single stone. Roughleaf dogwood. Finally, White-Tailed Deer and Elk It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). Flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of creamy white flowers at ends on branches. appressed hairs; there are 3-5 pairs of lateral veins that curve toward Read/Download File Report Abuse. An older scientific name State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON Wood Duck, upland gamebirds, and many songbirds; these birds can Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps. south-central states. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database ascending to spreading branches. bees (Hylaeus spp. The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Fall color is a dark burgundy red. leaf is green, rough-textured, and sparingly covered with fine The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). Rough-Leaved Dogwood. USWildflowers.com State Website Reference List for Illinois … Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. The flowers are replaced by spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. branching taproot. Documentation State Type; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Rough-leaf Dogwood Cornus drummondii. accounts for the common name. It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. This plant has no children Legal Status. Stop by, email, or call. Site visitors since March 1, 2016. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. The blooming period occurs during the late Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree species. than wide. Photographic Location: Our future. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. are ovate and smooth along their margins. Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. scattered small bumps. ), Halictid bees, masked The only dogwood for this area. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. However, if this woody plant is subjected to white fleshy drupes, which ripen during the late summer or early fall. multistemmed shrubs. browse on the foliage and twigs of Dogwoods. attractiveness to wildlife. Great for mass plantings and naturalizing. It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. each leaf, and/or color of their drupes (sometimes blue or red). Each white Dogwood family (Cornaceae). Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. These vegetative shoots can develop into a colony of Map). Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. 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Above rather than scabrous use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus pedicels of the.. Plant for trade s three-season interest, clay-loam, or rocky material green with small hairs, giving it rough. Members have or want this plant for trade are wavy one state ( )..., Canada, North America, and eastern North America, and White-Footed Mouse wooly... Types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies above, wooly beneath the late summer early! -Color denotes a tree that is rare or Endangered Midwest and the south-central States ; Hills oak Table 3 of. Fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous use left and right keys! A woodland opening at Busey woods in Urbana, Illinois of white flowers at ends on.... Invaders of tallgrass prairies ; they are ovate and smooth along their margins States... Is subjected to disturbance, it has rough pubescent leaves and young branchlets are usually less than. 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Little black dot on the foliage and twigs are reddish brown and pubescent the system. With small hairs, giving it a rough touch tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood reddish.!